How to Choose the Right Heat Pump for Your Home

Heat pump

A heat pump uses a compressor to heat and cool fluid. The fluid is then passed through condenser coils to release heat to the outside air. Then the system releases the warm fluid back into the home, which then cools to room temperature. Figure 3 shows the entire process. A higher heat pump coefficient means less work must be done to transfer the heat. However, this efficiency is limited by the laws of entropy and the second law of thermodynamics. Learn more at

In order to measure the efficiency of a heat pump, manufacturers rate their units in SEER and HSPF. The higher the SEER and HSPF, the better. The minimum federal HSPF rating for heat pumps is 7.7, but the higher the SEER and HSPF, in addition to the Energy Star label, is recommended. A high-efficiency heat pump should have an HSPF rating of between 8.5 and 12.5.

Ensure your heat pump is appropriately sized. Oversized units will not be efficient and will cycle on and off too frequently, increasing your energy bill. Your HVAC professional should calculate the proper size for your home based on the Air Conditioning Contractors of America Manual J calculation, which takes into account the house foundation, wall thickness, insulation values, windows and air filtration. This will ensure the heating and cooling equipment will not be too large or too small for your home.

Another common problem with heat pumps is that they have a low temperature reservoir and high-temperature indoors. This means that the heat from the outdoor air will be transported inside the building. In colder climates, the heat pump will have to work harder, which will increase your energy bill. Ultimately, this is not ideal for your heat pump. If you choose a standard unit with a gas furnace, you should expect to spend anywhere from $4500 to $8000 for its installation and operation.

When buying a new heat pump, make sure that the unit is the correct size for your home. An undersized heat pump won’t heat or cool the house properly, while an oversized one will increase your energy bill and shorten its life. In order to find the right size for your home, the HVAC professional must use the Air Conditioning Contractors of America Manual J calculation. The manual J calculation takes into account the type of insulation in your home and the foundation.

Often, it is important to get a heat pump that is sized correctly for your home. A heat pump that is too small will not efficiently heat or cool a room, and will increase your energy bills. An oversized one will cycle on and off too often, resulting in a shorter life. An HVAC technician will use an ACCA manual J calculation when selecting a heat-pump size for your home. The calculation will take into account your home’s foundation, wall thickness, insulation value, windows, and air filtration.

In colder climates, heat from the exterior air is extracted and pumped into the building. The heat pump may need to run longer in cold climates and must be used carefully to avoid damaging the unit. If the temperature is too low, a heat pump will need to run more energy to keep your home comfortable. If you’re looking for an energy-efficient heat pump, look for SEER higher than the federal minimum for a new home.

A heat pump works by transferring heat. It works by transferring energy from outside to the interior of the building. This process uses the compressor to move heat from the low-temperature reservoir to the interior of the building. It then reverses the process and decreases the temperature of the air. In hotter weather, the heat pump will cool the house, while in colder climates, it will warm it. Because a heatpump is dual-purpose, it will save you money over time.

It is important to understand the basics of heat pumps to determine if they are right for your home. A heat pump needs to be sized correctly to function efficiently. Oversized units will cause the unit to cycle on and off frequently, and will not effectively heat or cool your home. A supplemental heat pump is not a good idea and should be avoided. It will not be as efficient as you hope it to be. If the temperature is too high or too cold, the unit may not be able to provide the heat you need.